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Lesson Plan: Introduction To Fiber Optics

Lesson 6. Hands-On Termination And Splicing LaboratoryLevel: Technician


Lesson 6. Hands-On Termination And Splicing Laboratory

Objectives: Learning to install fiber optic connectors on fiber optic cables. Hands-on training on cable preparation, termination and splicing with specific vendors’ products.

Student Assignment: Read the references and take the quizzes (Test Your Comprehension) Complete the lab exercises.


Presentation Slides:  Advanced: Termination PPT, Splicing PPT

Online FOA References:
Termination PPT tutorial
Termination video (epoxy/polish)
Adhesive/polish connectors VHO: Epoxy/Polish, Anaerobic, Hot Melt
VHO: Prepolished/Splice termination
VHO: Singlemode termination 

Book Chapters:
The Fiber Optic Technicians Manual: 6
Data, Voice and Video Cabling Installation: 13, 15
Student Manual, Termination Section

Tools: Fiber Optic Toolbox, cables, connectors, adhesives, polishing film, etc. (see materials list in student manual) Splicing machines

Termination and splicing should be covered in a manner relevant to the class. Premises installers may not require fusion splicing nor outside plant installers require direct termination on a fiber, as these practices are not common in each application. Covering only the relevant  material in a lab is acceptable as long as the classroom sessions cover why each method is used and where.

In this session, the students should terminate 3mm simplex cable
and 900 micron buffered fiber with a standard ST, SC or LC type adhesive/polish connector (epoxy, hot melt and/or anaerobic), since this is the most basic connector. Additional connectors can be done by other adhesive methods or prepolished/splice connectors can be done. Prepolished/splice connector labs are highly recommended as these are becoming more popular. At least cover the PPTs on them.

Note: Experience has shown that using a 2m patchcord for termination practice allows students to test their connector as soon as it is finished, since the other end of the cable has a connector already installed. A 2m section of 900 micron buffered fiber can be used also, but must be terminated first by the instructor or students in Session 7 of a prior class.

Splicing should be covered in a manner relevant to the class. Outside plant technicians should ideally be exposed to both single fiber and ribbon fusion splicing. A lab with three stations, one for single fiber splicing, one for ribbon and one for testing each splice made with an OTDR allows each student to rotate among stations to get experience in each process.

Extra Credit Reading


Table of Contents: The FOA Reference Guide To Fiber Optics

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